Inicio > Otras especialidades > Efectos adversos de la resonancia magnética > Página 5

Efectos adversos de la resonancia magnética

11. Nakahara, T.; Yaguchi, H.; Yoshida, M.; Miyakoshi, J. Effects of Exposure of CHO-K1 Cells to a 10-T Static Magnetic Field. Radiology 2002, 224, 817-822.
12. Valiron, O.; Peris, L.; Rikken, G.; Schweitzer, A.; Saoudi, Y.; Remy, C.; Job, D. Cellular disorders induced by high magnetic fields. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2005, 22, 334-340.
13. Yamamoto, T.; Nagayama, Y.; Tamura, M. A blood oxygenation dependent increase in blood viscosity due to a static magnetic field. Phys. Med. Biol. 2004, 49, 3267-3277.
14. Myakoshi, J. Effects of a static magnetic field at the cellular level. Prog. Biophys. Mol. Biol. 2004, doi:10.1016/j.pbiomolbio.2004.08.008.
15. Tenforde, T.S.; Gaffey, C.T.; Moyer, B.R.; Budinger, T.F. Cardiovascular alterations in Macaca monkeys exposed to stationary magnetic fields: experimental observations and theoretical analysis. Bioelectromagnetics 1983, 4, 1-9.
16. Saunders, R. Static magnetic fields: animal studies. Prog. Biophys. Mol. Biol. 2005, 87, 225-239.
17. Wikswo, J.P.; Barach, J.P. An estimate of the steady magnetic field strength required to influence nerve conduction. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 1980, 27, 722-723.
18. Rosen, A.D.; Lubowsky, J. Modification of spontaneous unit discharge in the lateral geniculate body by a magnetic field. Exp. Neurol. 1990, 108, 261-265.
19. Rosen, A.D. Mechanism of action of moderate-intensity static magnetic fields on biological systems. Cell Biochem. Biophys. 2003, 39, 163-173.
20. High, W.B.; Sikora, J.; Ugurbil, K.; Garwood, M. Subchronic in vivo effects of a high static magnetic field (9.4 T) in rats. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2000, 12, 122-139.
21. International Commission on Non-ionizing Radiation (ICNIRP). Exposure to static and low frequency electromagnetic fields. In: Biological Effects and Health Consequences (0–100 kHz). Matthes, R., McKinlay, A.F., Bernhardt, J.H., Vecchia, P., Veyret, B., Eds.; ICNIRP: Munich, Germany, 2003.
22. Suzuki, Y.; Ikehata, M.; Nakamura, K.; Nishioka, M.; Asanuma, K.; Koana, T.; Shimizu, H. Induction of micronuclei in mice exposed to static magnetic fields. Mutagenesis 2001, 16, 499-501.
23. International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Non-Ionising Radiation. Part 1: Static and Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) Electric and Magnetic Fields, vol. 80; IARC: Lyon, France, 2002.
24. Chakeres, D.W.; De Vocht, F. Static magnetic field effects on human subjects related to magnetic resonance imaging systems. Prog. Biophys. Mol. Biol. 2005, 87, 255-265.
25. De Vocht, F.; van Drooge, H.; Engels, H.; Kromhout, H. Exposure, health complaints and cognitive performance among employees of an MRI scanners manufacturing department. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2006, 23, 197-204.
26. De Vocht, F.; Stevens, T.; van Wendel De Joode, B.; Engels, H.; Kromhout, H. Acute neurobehavioral effects of exposure to static magnetic fields: analyses of exposure-response relations. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2006, 23, 291-297.
27. Lotte E van Nierop, Pauline Slottje, Martine J E van Zandvoort, Frank de Vocht, Hans Kromhout. Effects of magnetic stray fields from a 7 Tesla MRI scanner on neurocognition: a double-blind randomized crossover study. Occup Environ Med. 2012 Oct;69(10):759-66. doi: 10.1136/oemed-2011-100468. Epub 2012 Aug 27.
28. Van Nierop LE, Slottje P, Kingma H, Kromhout H. MRI-related static magnetic stray fields and postural body sway: A double-blind randomized crossover study. Magn Reson Med. 2012 Aug 10. doi: 10.1002/mrm.24454.
29. Evans, J.A.; Savitz, D.A.; Kanal, E.; Gillen, J. Infertility and pregnancy outcome among magnetic resonance imaging workers. J. Occup. Med. 1993, 35, 1191-1195.
30. De Wilde, J.P.; Rivers, A.W.; Proce, D.L. A review of the current use of magnetic resonance imaging in pregnancy and safety implications for the fetus. Prog. Biophys. Mol. Biol. 2005, 87, 335-353.
31. Feychting, M. Health effects of static magnetic fields—a review of the epidemiological evidence. Prog. Biophy. Mol. Biol. 2005, 87, 241-246.
32. World Health Organization. Environmental Health Criteria 232. Static fields. World Health Organization: Geneva, Switzerland, 2006.
33. Greenland, S.; Sheppard, A.R.; Kaune, W.T.; Poole, C.; Kelsh, M.A. A pooled analysis of magnetic fields, wire codes, and childhood leukemia. Childhood Leukemia-EMF Study Group. Epidemiology 2000, 11, 624-634.
34. Forssen, U.M.; Rutqvist, L.E.; Ahlbom, A.; Feychting, M. Occupational magnetic fields and female breast cancer: a case-control study using Swedish population registers and new exposure data. Am. J. Epidemiol. 2005, 161, 250-259.
35. Lai, H.; Singh, N.P. Magnetic-field-induced DNA strand breaks in brain cells of the rat. Environ. Health Perspect. 2004b, 112, 687-694.
36. Fedrowitz, M.; Westermann, J.; Löscher, W. Magnetic field exposure increases cell proliferation but does not affect melatonin levels in the mammary gland of female Sprague Dawley rats. Cancer Res. 2002, 62, 1356-1363.
37. Scarfí, M.R.; Sannino, A.; Perrotta, A.; Sarti, M.; Mesirca, P.; Bersani, F. Evaluation of genotoxic effects in human fibroblasts after intermittent exposure to 50 Hz electromagnetic fields: a confirmatory study. Radiat. Res. 2005, 164, 270-276.
38. Jukka Juutilainen. Do electromagnetic fields enhance the effects of environmental carcinogens? Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2008;132(2):228-31. Epub 2008 Oct 30.
39. Bourland, J.D.; Nyenhuis, J.A.; Schaefer, D.J. Physiologic effects of intense MR Imaging gradient fields. Neuroimaging Clin. N. Am. 1999, 9, 363-377.
40. Juutilainen, J. Developmental effects of electromagnetic fields. Bioelectromagnetics 2005, 7, S107-115.
41. Schaefer, D.J.; Bourland, J.D.; Nyenhuis, J.A. Review of patient safety in time-varying gradient fields. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2000, 12, 20-29.
42. International Electrotechnical Commission IEC 60601-2-33 Particular requirements for basic safety and essential performance of magnetic resonance equipment for medical diagnosis, 2nd ed.; International Electrotechnical Commission: Geneva, Switzerland, 2002.
43. Shellock, F.G. Radiofrequency energy-induced heating during MR procedures: a review. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2000, 12, 30-36.
44. Shellock, F.G.; Crues, J.V. Corneal temperature changes associated with high-field MR imaging using a head coil. Radiology 1988, 167, 809-811.
45. Shellock, F.G.; Rothman, B.; Sarti, D. Heating of the scrotum by highfield strength MR imaging. Am. J. Roentgenol. 1990, 154, 1229-1232.
46. Vahlensieck, M. Tattoo-related cutaneous inflammation (burn grade I) in a mid-field MR scanner (letter). Eur. Radiol. 2000, 10, 197.
47. Friedstat JS, Moore ME, Goverman J, Fagan SP. An Unusual Burn During Routine Magnetic Resonance Imaging. J Burn Care Res. 2012 Nov 6.
48. Adair, E.R.; Berglund, L.G. On the thermoregulatory consequences of NMR imaging. Magn. Reson. Imaging 1986, 4, 321-333.
49. Van den Berg, C.A.T.; van den Bergen, B.; van de Kamer, J.B.; Raaymakers, B.W.; Kroeze, H.; Bartels, L.W.; Lagendijk, J.J.W. Simultaneous B+1 Homogenization and Specific Absorption Rate Hotspot Suppression Using a Magnetic Resonance Phased Array Transmit Coil. Mag. Res. Med. 2007, 57, 577-586.
50. Diem, E.; Schwarz, C.; Adlkofer, F.; Jahn, O.; Rudiger, H. Non-thermal DANN breakage by mobile phone radiation (1800 MHz) in human fibroblasts and in transformed GFSH-R17 rat granulosa cells in vitro. Mutat. Res. 2005, 583, 178-183.
51. Nikolova, T.; Czyz, J.; Rolletschek, A.; Blyszczuk, P.; Fuchs, J.; Jovtchev, G. Electromagnetic fields affect transcript levels of apoptosis-related genes in embryonic stem cell-derived neural progenitor cells. FASEB J. 2005, 19, 1686-1693.